Labor plays a powerful role in any economy. Remunerations paid to a workforce drives consumer/end user spending and the result of this labor is critical for companies. Similarly, unemployed persons represent a waste of prospective production in an economy. This therefore indicates that unemployment is definitely an important factor in dealing with macroeconomics.
In this scenario, we look at “Official” unemployment which alludes to the jobless workforce who are actually looking for job posts but are not currently receiving any payment. With this in mind, one can deduce that the correct unemployment ratio is usually higher than the official ratio.
Below are examples of various types of unemployment.
Frictional unemployment: This is an outcome from flawed data and the complications in placing a well-qualified workforce with jobs. This kind of unemployment is close to impossible to evade seeing that neither job pursuers nor prospective employers have flawless information.
Cyclical unemployment: This is with reference to workforce redundancy as a result of the trade and industry cycle. When an economy or business or industry is facing a down turn, for example, there isn’t enough demand for a workforce and the remunerations are usually slow to get to the point where the demand and abundance of the workforce has a sense of balance.
Structural employment is unemployment that transpires when the workforce at hand does not have appropriate qualifications for the placements available. In this case, the workforce has been jobless for quite a long period of time and usually requires refresher training. This kind of unemployment could be problematic for an economy, especially in instances where sectors in their entirety pose serious difficulties for the economy.
A high unemployment rate is undesirable and on the other hand, zero unemployment is not practical either. When economists discuss full employment, they exclude the mentioned frictional unemployment together with a minor fraction of structural redundancy since they basically disbelieve the practicality and desirability to attain full employment in any economy.
According to Phillips curve, the affiliation between unemployment and inflation shows that low levels of unemployment correlate with a high rate of price increase. Various factors bring in the possibility of altering the curve but one thing that is important to note is that neither zero-unemployment nor zero inflation is feasible on a lasting basis.
Thought needs to be given to a tradeoff concerning employment and adeptness. Businesses will want to maximize their proceeds when they manufacture at the lowest cost possible. In some instances, though, a workforce can be more expensive and less efficient than assets. Consequently, there will always be a trade-off amid the cost plus the productivity of the workforce and that of capital equipment substituting labor which effectively diminishes the jobs available.